What type of reaction breaks down the bonds that join the phosphate groups in an ATP molecule?

The right answer is hydrolysis.

The ATP molecule is a type of nucleic acid that has a structure like that found in other DNA molecules. It comprises of

  1. Sugar (ribose)
  2. Nitrogen base (adenine)
  3. Three phosphate rings

It is the essential mode of energy for cells utilized in numerous sorts of reactions. That includes cell flagging procedures and dynamic transport of substances over the cell membrane.

Phosphate groups have stored energy and hydrolysis process releases that energy. Strong bonds break and give energy to the cell. Water adds with ATP and that whole process is termed as “Hydrolysis”.

hydrolysis of atp

Bonds formation and breaking

The monomer makes the huge chain of polymers. A considerable lot of these monomers joins together by bonds to frame a bigger molecule called polymer. Making and breaking connections includes water molecules.

Monomers breaks, energy is released along with the water molecule. Finally, all monomers join to form polymers. This procedure is called “dehydration” where the polymer is shaped by evacuating water.

Now, hydrolysis is totally the opposite of dehydration. In this process, water breaks polymers into monomers.


Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a sort of DNA found in living cells. Its structure is fundamentally the same as that found in RNA and DNA. ATP contains a similar sort of sugar as RNA in the atomic structure.

The nucleotides are made out of ATP ribose sugar and a nitrogen base called adenine and three phosphate rings. This phosphate attaches to the ribose molecule and the sugar ties to the adenine.


The main energy source of ATP is phosphate bonds. This is the stage that releases most of the energy. Consequently, at whatever point energy is required, the phosphate bond is broken during an association including the expansion of a water molecule. This is the hydrolysis procedure.

At the point when this bond is broken by hydrolysis and the energy is discharged. The whole process is called oxidation. The aftereffect of this association is that ATP is changed over to ADP, adenosine diphosphate, which contains two phosphate gatherings and one inorganic phosphate gathering.

Dehydration Synthesis

The arrangement of the ATP molecule requires an extraordinary compound called ATP, which includes an irreversible procedure of hydrolysis.

The arrangement of a molecule of multiple molecules or more requires the expulsion of a molecule of water as a feature of a procedure called dehydration synthesis. This process relates is very simple but important for the wellbeing of a cell.

ATP Synthesis

High-impact cell breath utilizes oxygen to make ATP from the deterioration of the sugar molecule. A progression of complex respiratory responses happens during which numerous intermediates are framed and numerous chemicals are included.

A large portion of the ATP is delivered by the last stages of aerobic respiration, called the electron transport chain and oxidative phosphorylation.


This whole process is called, “hydrolysis.”We hope that after reading that detailed article, you can now easily understand your answer.

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