It may include: Confidentiality of direct identifier in order to protect from disclosure risks. As an additional safeguard in research, it is critically important to protect the identities of research participants.
The vulnerable population participates in research projects providing their identifiable data. The directly identifiable data is provided by the subjects under the assumption that their responses will be kept confidential.
Direct identifiers dataset includes subjects name, address, e-mail address, contact, social insurance number, biometric record, medical record and other identifiers relating to the subject directly.
The additional safeguards are required to protect the rights and welfare of human research subjects recruited to participate in research activities conducted.
As an additional safeguard, it is important to exclude the subject’s research data after the completion of the research program to avoid the harm that might result from the disclosure or inappropriate use of direct identifiers.
Social Behavioral Research
The term “social-behavioral” refers to human behavior that includes the motivations, activities, psychological processes and interactions with others.
Social-behavioral research applies the study of human interaction in small groups, families, communities and whole societies.
Behavioral and social sciences research helps provide a perceptive framework to study prediction, prevention, and management of illness in individuals and in whole populations. This research helps people change their behaviors, understand their treatments, and learn how to stick with them.
What is the Institutional Review Board (IRB)?
The Institutional Review Board (IRB) is an independent administrative body established to review and approve human research topics. The primary purpose of the Institutional Review Board is the protection of rights and welfare of human subjects that are participating in human research institutions in affiliation to IRB.
The IRB is responsible for notifying to investigators and the institution by their approval or disapproval for proposed research activity, or of the modifications required for proposed research activity.
The approval of IRB is necessary to start any research.
Evaluation Study & Rights of Research
Evaluation research is a type of research study that uses social research techniques for the purpose of evaluation through a particular research methodology.
The confidentiality of the identity of a research subject can vary from organization to organization according to their policies.
These research organizations have to submit these research plans to IRB despite the nature of the project.
While carrying out any research study it is necessary to protect the rights and identities of research participants. Using a standard research method to evaluate research in such programs.
All the research steps are fully understood by the subjects without causing them any trouble and no research subject is forced to a participant without their will.
All the participants should be informed about the confidentiality of their identities and how their information will be utilized in the search process.
The administration of IRB supervises and examine all the search projects to make sure that the rights and information of research subjects are preserved so that they may not unease the participants in the future.
Additional safeguards help in removing the personal data and retain the subject participants from any kind of risk.